Mensenrechten

Internationaal Samenwerkingsproject: In Her Own Hand

12sept2015-Folder Launch In Her Own Hands

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Cross-regional statement on the 15th anniversary of UNSC resolution 1325 at the 29th session of the Human Rights Council of 83 countries (including the Netherlands)

150629 CRS on UNSCR1325 as delivered, with list of countries

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JULY 16, 2014: Professor Sir Hilary Beckles:

“I speak this evening, in this honourable chamber of the House of Commons, as Chairman of the Caricom Commission on Reparations. My colleagues of the Commission are tasked with the preparation and presentation of the evidentiary basis for a contemporary truth: that the Government of Great Britain, and other European states that were the beneficiaries of enrichment from the enslavement of African peoples, the genocide of indigenous communities, and the deceptive breach of contract and trust in respect of Indians and other Asians brought to the plantations under indenture, have a case to answer in respect of reparatory justice.”

Download full text: ADDRESS DELIVERED BY PROFESSOR SIR HILARY BECKLES – Chairman of the Caricom Reparations Commission

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2.2 billion people are poor or near-poor, warns 2014 Human Development Report on vulnerability and resilience

Calls for universal provision of basic social services,  and stronger policies for social protection and full employment  to advance and secure development progress

Read the full Press Release | Download the Report | Explore the Data

Tokyo, 24 July 2014 – Persistent vulnerability threatens human development, and unless it is systematically tackled by policies and social norms, progress will be neither equitable nor sustainable. This is the core premise of the 2014 Human Development Report, launched here today by Prime Minister of Japan Shinzō Abe, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Administrator Helen Clark and Director of the Human Development Report Office Khalid Malik.

Entitled Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience, the Report provides a fresh perspective on vulnerability and proposes ways to strengthen resilience.

According to income-based measures of poverty, 1.2 billion people live with $1.25 or less a day. However, the latest estimates of the UNDP Multidimensional Poverty Index reveal that almost 1.5 billion people in 91 developing countries are living in poverty with overlapping deprivations in health, education and living standards. And although poverty is declining overall, almost 800 million people are at risk of falling back into poverty if setbacks occur.

“By addressing vulnerabilities, all people may share in development progress, and human development will become increasingly equitable and sustainable,” stated UNDP Administrator Helen Clark today.

The 2014 Human Development Report comes at a critical time, as attention turns to the creation of a new development agenda following the 2015 deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals.

Zeroing in on what holds back progress

The Report holds that as crises spread ever faster and further, it is critical to understand vulnerability in order to secure gains and sustain progress.
It points to a slowdown in human development growth across all regions, as measured by the Human Development Index (HDI). It notes that threats such as financial crises, fluctuations in food prices, natural disasters and violent conflict significantly impede progress.
“Reducing both poverty and people’s vulnerability to falling into poverty must be a central objective of the post-2015 agenda,” the Report states. “Eliminating extreme poverty is not just about ‘getting to zero’; it is also about staying there.”

A human development lens on who is vulnerable and why

“Reducing vulnerability is a key ingredient in any agenda for improving human development,” writes Nobel laureate Joseph Stiglitz, in a contribution to the Report. “[We] need to approach it from a broad systemic perspective.”

The 2014 Report takes such an approach, using a human development lens to take a fresh look at vulnerability as an overlapping and mutually reinforcing set of risks.

It explores structural vulnerabilities – those that have persisted and compounded over time as a result of discrimination and institutional failings, hurting groups such as the poor, women, migrants, people living with disabilities, indigenous groups and older people. For instance, 80 percent of the world’s elderly lack social protection, with large numbers of older people also poor and disabled.

The Report also introduces the idea of life cycle vulnerabilities, the sensitive points in life where shocks can have greater impact. They include the first 1,000 days of life, and the transitions from school to work, and from work to retirement.
“Capabilities accumulate over an individual’s lifetime and have to be nurtured and maintained; otherwise they can stagnate and even decline,” it warns. “Life capabilities are affected by investments made in preceding stages of life, and there can be long-term consequences of exposure to short-term shocks.”
For example, in one study cited by the Report, poor children in Ecuador were shown to be already at a vocabulary disadvantage by the age of six.
Timely interventions-such as investments in early childhood development-are therefore critical, the Report states.

Read the full Press Release | Download the Report | Explore the Data

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Universele Mensenrechten

Universele Verklaring van de Rechten van de Mens

Engelse tekst: Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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Mensenrechten in Europa

Deze Universele Verklaring vormt de basis voor het Europese verdrag uit 1950 rond de mensen- en burgerrechten van alle Europese burgers. Sinds 1998 is dit verdrag bindend voor alle 47 lidstaten aangesloten bij de Raad van Europa: Europees Verdrag tot bescherming van de rechten van de mens en de fundamentele vrijheden (EVRM) Engelse tekst: Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

In het EVRM zijn onder meer de volgende rechten vastgelegd:womens-rights

  • recht op leven;
  • het verbod van foltering en onmenselijke behandeling;
  • recht op vrijheid en veiligheid;
  • recht op een eerlijk proces;
  • recht op eerbiediging van privé- en familieleven;
  • vrijheid van meningsuiting;
  • vrijheid op godsdienst;
  • verbod van discriminatie.

Wanneer een van de lidstaten van de Raad van Europa in strijd handelt met het EVRM, kunnen burgers of andere lidstaten een klacht indienen bij het Europees Hof voor de Rechten van de Mens.

Mensenrechten zijn Vrouwenrechten

Eveneens gebaseerd op de Universele Mensenrechten werd op 18 december 1979 het Verdrag inzake de Uitbanning van alle vormen van Discriminatie tegen Vrouwen aangenomen door de Algemene Vergadering van de Verenigde Naties. Onder ‘discriminatie van vrouwen’ wordt verstaan “elke vorm van onderscheid, uitsluiting of beperking op grond van geslacht, die tot gevolg of tot doel heeft de erkenning, het genot of de uitoefening door vrouwen van de rechten van de mens en de fundamentele vrijheden op politiek, economisch, sociaal of cultureel gebied, op het terrein van de burgerrechten of welk ander gebied dan ook, ongeacht hun echtelijke staat, op de grondslag van gelijkheid van mannen en vrouwen aan te tasten of teniet te doen”.

Tekst van het Vrouwenverdrag in het Nederlands

en in het Engels:

Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women

Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women

Vienna Declaration on Human Rights 1993